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Dental Hygiene I

Course Details

Course Number
Fall 2016
Bridwell Hall
Classroom Number
Days & Times

Monday and Wednesday - 1:00 -2:50 p.m.


Martha Crump (view Profile)

Course Attachments


Course Objectives



1. Dental hygiene continues to evolve as society in general and health care in particular continue to change.

2. Knowledge and understanding of disease etiology and transmission is critical in prevention of cross

contamination and transmission.

3. An understanding of the principles of instrument design and function are necessary to select the most

appropriate instrument for dental hygiene treatment.

4. Medical histories must be accurate and up-to-date prior to any dental or dental hygiene treatment.

5. Meticulous record keeping is a legal and thical responsibility of the health care provider.

6. Dental hygiene is not limited to calculus removal; periodontal/soft tissue management is the focus of the


7. A thorough extra-intra oral exam could very well save a patient’s life.

8. All treatment should be based on evidence based research.


Through reading assignments, lectures, individual/group discussion, and lab/clinical practice, the students will develop the knowledge and skills required to perform procedures related to the dental hygiene profession. Upon completion of this course (as integrated with Clinical Practice I) the students should be able to:

1. Discuss the etiology and transmission of diseases for which the dental processional is at a high risk.

2. Describe infection control techniques and explain the rationale for each.

3. Compare the design and function of various types of instruments in regards to calculus removal and root

planing and select the most appropriate instrument for treatment.

4. Evaluate medical and dental histories to identify contraindications and/or modifications to dental hygiene


5. Recognize and record abnormalities noted upon extra and intraoral examinations.

6. Assess the periodontal condition of patients and correctly document findings.

7. Complete dental charting forms with adequate detail.

8. Utilize collected patient data to develop dental hygiene treatment plans based on the needs of the individual

patient (fellow classmates and case history situations).

9. Discuss legal and ethical issues/decisions facing dental hygiene today in regards to treatment of patients with

communicable diseases, procedures allowed by the Texas Dental Practice Act, and responsibilities to

patients during treatment and post-op.

10. Describe the Bass tooth brushing technique and dental flossing and discuss the basic principles of patient

education as they pertain to these techniques.


Course Expectations


Dental Hygiene I introduces the student to the Dental Hygiene Profession in regards to its past, present and future role in dentistry; as well as the responsibilities of health care professionals to their patients, community and profession.

Evaluation of current research in dental/dental hygiene literature will introduce students to various health and dental related issues, controversial treatments, treatment modalities and accepted concepts in treatment.

Dental Hygiene I, in conjunction with Clinical Practice I, is designed to introduce the student to the fundamental concepts of dental hygiene practice: infection control, instrumentation, instrument sharpening and patient assessment. Students will assess vital signs and evaluate medical histories to determine contraindications for treatment, perform and properly document findings of extra/intra oral examinations, and chart dental/periodontal status. Infection control protocols, OSHA requirements and disease transmission will be discussed as they pertain to the dental /dental hygiene profession. This course closely integrates theory and practice thus providing a base from which the student may develop the skills, knowledge, and judgment required to adequately serve the public and the profession of Dental Hygiene.

While students will earn(2) separate grades for Dental Hygiene I (DNHY 3114) and Clinical Practice I (DNHY 3114), the two courses are integrated in order to provide an effective and efficient learning experience. During the first month of the semester, there will be a substantial theory component in preparation for clinical practice. Towards the conclusion of this first month, the emphasis will be placed on development of clinical skills in the lab setting on typodonts followed by actual clinical work on selected patients (fellow students). Averaged over the semester, the student receives approximately 8 hours per week combined lab/clinical experience.

Grading Standards



92 - 100 = A

83 - 91 = B

75 - 82 = C

65 - 74 = D – Constitutes Failure of course in Dent. Hygiene

– A student failing a dental hygiene course CAN NOT advance into the next semester in the

Dental Hygiene curriculum

– Rationale for this grading scale is found in the Dental Hygiene Handbook


Four exams will be given for this course, including the Final Exam. Each exam may be comprehensive from the first class session and will constitute 20% of the total course grade. Students missing an exam due to illness will be allowed to make up the exam on the day of their return to school. No grade higher than a 90 will be given for make-up examinations. Students will be allowed to make up only one (1) exam per semester. This does not include the Final Exam.

Water bottles, cell phones, calculators or computers are not allowed during examinations. Possession of any of these devices during an exam will be construed as academic dishonesty and will be dealt with accordingly.


               Exam # 1 = 20%

               Exam # 2 = 20%

               Exam # 3 = 20%

             Final Exam = 20%

Library Assignment = 20%


Final Exam 12/12/2016 9:00-11:00 am
Submission Format Policy


This course requirement will begin to acquaint the student with the dental profession outside of the immediate educational setting. Retrieval and summation of the information will introduce the student to the concept of evidence based research and the need to base treatment procedures/modalities on such research findings.

One Abstract is due on each of the following dates:

1. September 28, 20156- Infection control (transmissible diseases, etiology, prevention, control, etc.)

2. October 26, 2016 - Bio-film

3. November 22, 2016 - Any other aspect of dental hygiene that is of interest and relative to course


 These articles must come from professional journals found in the Moffett Library or in any database that is currently accessible via Moffett Library, and must be dated no later than 2012. Select articles that are not extremely long. Original articles in excess of 5-6 pages and/or that are typed in a small font and in excess of 5 pages will not be acceptable. Information distributed by the program faculty in this or any other Dental Hygiene course may NOT be utilized to meet this requirement.


* ARTICLES MUST COME FROM THREE DIFFERENT SOURCES (Different journals or internet sites)

* Articles should be current and dated no later than 2012

* A copy of the article must be submitted with the abstract. Each abstract should be a summation of the article.

* The abstract is to be word processed (size 12 font) and double spaced.

* The abstract length should not exceed 3/4 of a page.

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.
Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements


Attendance is critical in order to achieve the maximum benefits of this course. Reviewing notes and the reading assignments without active participation in the course's clinical activities will not permit the student to adequately meet course objectives.

* More than 2 absences for any reason will result in the final course grade being lowered one full

letter grade.

* Two (2) tardies will be the equivalent of 1 absence.

* In cases of extreme illness and/or hospitalization, individual decisions may be made.

* Students are responsible for all material presented in lecture as well as assigned reading. It is the student's

responsibility to obtain any handouts or notes missed in class.

Other Policies



Taping of class lectures will be permitted, but ONLY with PRIOR APPROVAL of instructor or as deemed necessary by the Office of Disability Support Services to facilitate the individual needs of the student.


Cell phone use (texting or verbal) is extremely disruptive to your fellow classmates and to the faculty teaching your course. Therefore the use of cell phones will not be tolerated, FOR ANY REASON. If you utilize your cell phone it will be confiscated for the remainder of the scheduled day. Repeat offenders will be asked to leave the classroom and will be required to meet with the faculty and the chair of the Dental Hygiene Dept. In case of emergencies, please notify spouses, family and friends to contact you via the program secretary at 397-4764.

ACADEMIC DISHONESTY - Dental Hygiene Honor System:

All Dental Hygiene courses adhere to the MSU Code of Conduct.  In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.

Many components of DNHY 3014 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn. Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including course resources, Internet sites, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers when answering objectives. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive for life-long learning.

Cheating includes, but is not limited to,

(1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations;

(2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing

reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or

(3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without


Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may NOT submit papers and assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism. 

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, he/she should ask the instructor for clarification. If students are guilty of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz, assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.


Please note that by enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a "limited right" in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course. The "limited right" shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes.

MSU COHSHS- Student Conduct Appeals Committee

All Midwestern State University (MSU) students may legitimately appeal a course grade if: 1) the student has not been evaluated according to the same criteria as his or her classmates, or 2) an error has been made in grading and/or posting (MSU Student Handbook, p. 37). In addition, the Office of the Dean of Students has the responsibility to enforce standards of conduct for students as outlined in the MSU Student Handbook (p. 70-80).

When enrolled in the college of Health Sciences and Human Services (COHSHS), students are often assigned to community agencies, such as health care facilities, social service agencies, or athletic environments, as part of their academic process. During these experiences, the student is expected to behave in a manner required of professionals working in this environment. COHSHS students may also be required to successfully complete a licensing/certification process following graduation. As a result, students in these programs are often held to a different academic and/or behavioral standard than students in other MSU programs. For example, students may no be allowed to progress in a program if they have been unsuccessful (D or F) in a certain number of courses in the major. In these circumstances, COHSHS faculty and administration, all of whom have had similar professional experience, may make decisions which negatively impact students" programmatic progress.

COHSHS students have a right to a review of decisions made by the program faculty, which prevent individuals from progressing in their program in a timely manner. However, those who participate in the review must understand the context of the professions involved. Therefore, issues concerning the professional conduct of students in the COHSHS will NOT be brought to the University Grade Committee, but to the COHSHS Student Conduct Appeals Committee. Specifically, the COHSHS Student Conduct Appeals Committee will review faculty decisions related to:

• Student conduct in a clinical experience, internship, or other work-related environment that

negatively impact the student’s academic progress. This conduct may include behavior which is

prohibited by licensing and/or professional standards or departmental policy.

• Student removal from a program because of a) professional conduct issues, or b) failure to

maintain academic standards required specifically by the program*



The American With Disabilities Act:

Midwestern State University does not discriminate on the basis of an individual’s disability and complies with Section 504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act in its admission, accessibility, and employment of individuals in programs and activities. MSU provides academic accommodations and auxiliary aids to individuals with disabilities, as defined by law, who are otherwise qualified to meet academic employment requirements. For assistance call (940) 397-4 618 or (940) 397- 4515.

It is the student’s responsibility to declare any disabilities. After declaration, preferably at the beginning of each semester, the student needs to contact individual instructors to determine any reasonable accommodations that may be required.

Ethics And Personal Values

The following is excerpted from Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist, 11th Ed, by Esther M. Wilkins, Chapter 1: "Each dental hygienist represents the entire profession to the patient being served. The dental hygienist’s expressed or demonstrated attitudes toward dentistry, dental hygiene, and other health professions, as well as toward health services and preventive measures, will affect the subsequent attitude of the patient toward other dental hygienists and dental hygiene care in general."

....."A dental hygienist may be involved in a variety of moral, ethical, and legal situations as part of the daily routine."

State of Texas Concealed Handgun Campus Carry Policy

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

 If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at:

Concealed Carry Statements For The Robert D. & Carol Gunn College of Health Sciences & Human Services

Concealed Carry in Laboratories:

Participation in the MSU Dental Hygiene Program laboratory classes (non-patient treatment) often require students to wear "scrubs" which are thin garments which may make concealed carry of a firearm difficult if not impossible. In addition, students are often required to palpitate other students while simulating medical examinations or procedures. This required physical contact may also make concealment of a firearm difficult. While concealed carry is not prohibited in any Dental Hygiene laboratory (non-patient labs), students are reminded that intentional display of a firearm may result in criminal and/or civil penalties and unintentional display of a firearm is a violation of university policies and may result in disciplinary actions up to and including expulsion from the program and university. Students should factor the above in their decision as to whether or not to conceal carry in Dental Hygiene Program laboratories.

Concealed Carry at Clinical/Affiliate Sites:

Students must follow any rules or policies established at the clinical/affiliate site they attend. If the clinical/affiliate site does not prohibit the concealed carry of firearms, the university and the Dental Hygiene Program does not prohibit concealed carry at the clinical/affiliate site. However, students are reminded that at their clinical/affiliate sites the students are often required to wear "scrubs" which are thin garments which may make concealed carry of a firearm difficult if not impossible. Students may have to engage in activities such as moving patients or performing examinations which may make the concealment of a firearm difficult. Students are also reminded that intentional display of a firearm may result in criminal and/or civil penalties and unintentional display of a firearm is a violation of university policies and may result in disciplinary actions up to and including expulsion from the program and university. Students should factor the above in their decision as to whether or not to conceal carry at clinical/affiliate sites if those sites do not prohibit concealed carry.


Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at