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Course Details

Course Number
RADS 3773
Section Number
RADS 3773
Spring 2014
Days & Times


Dr. Kevin R. Clark (view Profile)


Radiobiology for the Radiologist
7th edition
Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the student will:

  1. Apply scientific principles of cell biology.
  2. Identify basic biologic interactions of ionizing radiation with living cells.
  3. Summarize human cellular response to ionizing radiation.
  4. Explain living tissue radiation biology.
  5. Discuss modification of living cells and tissue responses to ionizing radiation.
  6. Describe radiation-induced pathology in relationship to human systems, organs, or structures.
  7. Explain total radiation response to the human adult, child, fetus, and embryo.
  8. Summarize late effects of ionizing radiation on humans.
  9. Apply radiobiology theories and models to diagnostic and therapeutic practices.
  10. Conduct research related to ionizing radiation and its impact on living tissue.
  11. Review radiation protection practices.

Unit objectives are located at the beginning of each unit of study. Please utilize these to assist you in your study of the unit materials.

Course Expectations

This course provides the radiologic science professional with theories and principles of the interaction of ionizing radiation with living systems. Radiation effects on biologic molecules and organisms and factors affecting biological response are explored. Acute and long-term effects of ionizing radiation exposure are also discussed. Applications in diagnostic and therapeutic settings are presented as well.

Grading Standards

Initial Enrollment Evaluation


            Unit Quizzes                            30%

            Annotated Bibliography          20%

            Discussion Participation          10%

            Comprehensive Final Exam    40%


Grading Scale


            A          90-100

            B          80-89

            C          70-79

            D          60-69

            F          59 or below


**Please note this course requires a passing grade of 70 for a grade of “C” or better.


The last opportunity to drop this course with a grade of “W” is 4:00 pm on March 10, 2014. Refer to the Undergraduate Bulletin for details about receiving a grade of “Incomplete” in a course. In an emergency or extenuating circumstance, a student may request a grade of “Incomplete” in a course before grades are submitted. If the instructor grants the “Incomplete,” the student has until thirty (30) days after the beginning of the next long semester to complete the course requirements.  If the student does not complete the course requirements within the deadline, the grade of “Incomplete” will automatically convert into a grade of “F.”

Submission Format Policy

Class Activities and Assignments

Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. See the course calendar within D2L for specific information about activities and due dates.


·         Independent Reading Assignments

Unit 1: Chapters 1, 2, and 3

Unit 2: Chapters 4, 5, and 6

Unit 3: Chapters 7, 8, and 9

Unit 4: Chapters 10 and 13

Unit 5: Chapters 11 and 12

Unit 6: Chapters 16 and 17

*Supplemental PowerPoint files are available within D2L to reinforce major topics in the reading assignments.


·         Unit Quizzes (30%)

When a student has reviewed a unit and is ready for the quiz, he/she will log into D2L and receive a customized quiz consisting of random multiple choice questions. See the course calendar within D2L for due dates. Since the quizzes are timed, it is important to know the unit content before attempting the quizzes. Students will have 60 minutes to complete the quizzes. Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits his/her quiz for grading. No late submissions will be accepted.


·         Annotated Bibliography (20%)

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph known as the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.


First, locate and record citations for three (3) peer-reviewed articles in academic journals that contain information relevant to this course (ionizing radiation, biological effects, etc.). All three articles should have a common theme. These three articles must be published within the last five years. Cite the article using the proper APA format. See the course APA resources within D2L for additional help. You must also discuss one of the following for each annotation:


§  Evaluate the authority or background of the author.

§  Comment on the intended audience.

§  Compare or contrast this work with another you cited.

§  Explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.


More information, resources, and the due date are available within D2L. Be certain to review the grading rubric for this assignment. This assignment is due on the date listed in the course calendar. Late assignments will not be accepted and a grade of zero (0) will be recorded.


Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.


·         Discussion Board Participation (10%)

There is a discussion board for this course. Participation in this classroom discussion accounts for 10% of the course grade and students should designate a time each week to participate in this class activity. All discussion postings must be completed by the posted due dates within D2L.


The course instructor will post a welcome on the forum for the class at the beginning of the semester. Each student must post one discussion-type question on the forum for class discussion during the semester. Each student must post meaningful responses to at least ten (10) posted questions. The student posting the question will serve as the resource for the discussion. In order for the instructor to maintain an accurate accounting of the questions posted, the student must post their name with their question in the subject header. If you are uncertain as to whether or not your question is appropriate, you may email the question to the instructor prior to posting it.


The forum is designed to encourage interaction between students. Have fun with this activity, but take it seriously because it does contribute to your course grade. Remember that posting a question will account for a significant portion of the discussion board participation grade.


What is a discussion-type question? A discussion-type question is one that does not necessarily have a right or wrong answer, unlike a factual question. It facilitates the exchange of knowledge and thought. On the other hand, if asked for the sum of 2 + 2, the answer is four. This is a fact and there is no room for discussion. There is a right answer and an unlimited number of wrong answers.


What is a meaningful response? A meaningful response is one that contributes to or, in some way, sheds new light on the discussion. “I agree with the others…” is an example of a meaningless response.


See the course calendar within D2L for due dates for both question and responses. Also, review the grading rubric for this assignment.


·         Comprehensive Final Exam (40%)

The final examination is a proctored, comprehensive examination consisting of multiple-choice questions. The final exam is a timed, 120-minute test containing 50 questions. The final is a closed book examination. Students must complete the final (and all course work) by the dates published in the course calendar within D2L. Please schedule the time for the final with your proctor when completing the required Proctor Application Form and returning the application by the due date in the course calendar. You are encouraged to try accessing the course from the proctor's computer prior to taking your final so access issues (such as pop-up blockers and firewall) can be remedied prior to your scheduled test time.


Typically acceptable proctor sites and candidates include: 

·         College or university testing centers


·         Texas Compute-based Testing Collaborative (in Texas only)

·         Officials at military base education offices

·         Commercial testing services such as Sylvan, Thomson-Prometric, or Pearson VUE Testing Centers are NOT accepted as testing centers.

The testing site must have reliable Internet connections and should have at least two Internet browsers available (Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox preferred). Sites with extensive firewalls and high security mechanisms may not work for testing. Please test to be sure you can connect to D2L before committing to a proctor site. High speed connections are more desirable than traditional phone line connections. The site must support an independent phone line in addition to the computer connection so that calls can be made while the student is connected online. The proctor must have moderate computer expertise including the ability and authorization to reboot the remote computer. The student is responsible for any fees proctors charge for their services.

Even if someone has served as a proctor in previous courses, he/she will not be accepted as a proctor for this course if he/she does not meet these criteria. Proctor emails will only be sent to commercial or educational email addresses. Proctor approval is at the discretion of the course instructor.

The proctor form is available in .pdf format within the course. The proctor form for this course has been redesigned so please use the appropriate proctor form. Students should review the form and get the proctor information ahead of time. Students should then print the Adobe PDF file and complete Parts I and II. The proctor will then complete Part III of the form and fax to the course instructor, 940.397.4845. 

Each student can set his/her exam appointment anytime. It is better to take the exam during normal working hours to be sure MSU Technical Support will be available. The exam must be scheduled and completed within the exam availability dates indicated on the course calendar within D2L. No late submissions will be accepted.

The course instructor will provide the examination password to the proctor by email. The instructor may be available by phone or email during the exam time in case there are technical difficulties with the electronic version of the exam. If there are any problems during the exam, the proctor should call the course instructor (Toll Free 866.575.4305 or directly 940.397.4062). If the instructor is not available, contact MSU Technical Support through MSU D2L and send an email to the instructor explaining what happened. The exam may have to be rescheduled.

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.
Late Paper Policy

Late assignments will not be accepted and a grade of zero (0) will be recorded. 

Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

Since this is an online course, there are no mandatory face-to-face sessions. However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto D2L. Regular checks will insure messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner. See the course calendar in D2L for specific information about activities and due dates. The instructor is available to meet face-to-face with any interested students. Please email the instructor to schedule an appointment.

Other Policies

Special Needs

In accordance with Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Midwestern State University endeavors to make reasonable adjustments in its policies, practices, services, and facilities to ensure equal opportunity for qualified persons with disabilities to participate in all educational programs and activities.


The Office of Disability Services (ODS) provides information and assistance, arranges accommodations, and serves as a liaison for students, instructors, and staff.  The ODS has assistive devices such as books on tape, recorders, and adaptive software which can be loaned to qualified individuals.  A student/employee who seeks accommodations on the basis of disability must register with the Office of Disability Services in the Counseling Center, Clark Student Center Room 108.  Documentation of disability from a competent professional is required.


Individuals with grievances related to discrimination or lack of accommodation on the basis of a disability are encouraged to resolve the problem directly with the area involved.  If the matter remains unresolved, advice and/or assistance will be provided by the Office of Disability Services for resolution. The grievance procedure may be found in the Student Handbook and Activities Calendar.


The Director of the Counseling Center serves as the ADA Coordinator and may be contacted at (940) 397.4618, TDD (940) 397.4515, or 3410 Taft Blvd., Clark Student Center Room 108.


Honor System

RADS 3773 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct. In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.


Many components of RADS 3773 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn. Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including online D2L course resources, Internet sites, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers when answering objectives. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive to life-long learning.


Specific components of RADS 3773 are designed to represent the efforts of each student individually and are not to be shared or copied (plagiarized) from other sources. These components include the unit exams, discussion board activities, annotated bibliography, and the comprehensive final exam. When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.

Cheating includes, but is not limited to: (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to: the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may not submit papers and assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism. Papers and other assignments may be submitted to an external agency for verification of originality and authenticity.

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, the student should ask the instructor for clarification. If students are guilty of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) may be given for the quiz, assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.

Note: By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course. The “limited right” shall include, but not limited to: the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity as well as for educational purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to verify originality and authenticity to detect for plagiarism.


Administrative Process

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor. If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 


1.      Department Chair: Dr. Jeff Killion (940) 397.4679

2.      College Dean: Dr. James Johnston (940) 397.4594

3.      Dean of Students: Dail Neely (940) 397.6273

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at