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Police Systems and Practices

Course Details

Course Number
CRJU 2233
Section Number
CRJU 2233
Spring 2012
Days & Times


Amber Celeste Rawls (view Profile)


Introduction to Policing (1st ed.)
Required Text: Scaramella, G. L., Cox, S. M., McCamey, W. P. (2010). Introduction to Policing (1st ed.) Los Angeles, California: SAGE Publications, ISBN-10: 1412975301; ISBN-13: 9781412975308.
Course Objectives

The purpose of this course is to explore the role that police officers play in the Criminal Justice System. The course is designed to highlight the structure and history of police; the nature of police work; police discretion and misconduct; different types of policing strategies, and the future of the field. After completing this course, students should be able to:


  1. Demonstrate an understanding of past and current policing strategies.
  2. Describe the human dynamics that affect policing, such as recruitment, selection and promotion of police officers, training and education, and the subcultural influences that determine individual and group decision making.
  3. Demonstrate an understanding of institutional and organizational structures and processes pertaining to the law, of various styles or forms of police practice, and of administrative and leadership issues.
  4. Demonstrate an understanding of social, political, and economic forces affecting the field, such as ethics and accountability, forms of misconduct, the changing population in terms of racial and ethnic diversity, relations with and perceptions of police by the citizenries they serve, and various strategies that address these social issues, such as community-based policing, intelligence-led policing, and various other policing strategies.
  5. Describe recent factors affecting the field of policing, including issues such as the rapid expansion of technology, the impact of global issues such as terrorism and other forms of transnational crime, the increasing role of the private security industry on police functions, and predictions concerning changes for the profession.
Course Expectations

This class is completely online; there are no class meetings. All homework, assignments, discussions, and examinations are completed online no later than the final due dates for each assignment stated in the course schedule. If students have questions regarding the reading material, quizzes, and exams, they should post questions in the appropriate forum. Other students may have the same or similar questions. Students may also email (preferred method) or call me if additional instructions are needed.

Grading Standards

A = 580 (100%) – 522 pts (90%); B = 521 (89%) – 464 pts (80%); C = 463 (79%) – 406 pts (70%); D = 405 (69%) – 348 pts (60%); F = 347 (59%) – 0 pts (0%)

Submission Format Policy Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.
Late Paper Policy

If students miss an exam for a valid and university acceptable reason, they should contact the instructor immediately. Missed exams will be recorded as a “0" until the student presents a valid written excused absence and the instructor will keep this for the student’s records. A make-up test may be given the following week, later in the semester, or at the end of the semester, at the discretion of the instructor. There are no make-ups for discussions, quizzes, or activities.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

Absenteeism and Tardiness: Virtual classroom discussion depends on the preparedness of students. Discussions and participation on-line are a portion of the grade. It is not possible for students to “make up” missed discussions. Missed discussions will be excused (with proper documentation) only for dire emergencies and approved university sponsored or sanctioned events. Work-related absences are generally not excused.

 An Incomplete: Grades of “I” will be issued only on rare occasions where a student is unable to complete an assignment toward the end of the course because of truly exigent circumstances.

Other Policies

Other class policies and procedures follow the MWSU Student Handbook (please see )

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at