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Sectinal Anatomy

Course Details

Course Number
RADS 4733
Section Number
RADS 4733
Summer I 2014
Classroom Number
Days & Times

On-line course

Robert Comello (view Profile)
Course Objectives

Radiologic technologists should demonstrate increased awareness of how the human body is arranged three-dimensionally. This course provides opportunities to recognize relationships between standardized anatomical structures prior to working with variations found in "live" patients.

Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to:

• Recognize anatomic structures in various planes.

• Relate planar anatomy to line drawings of related cross-sectional anatomy.

• Describe the spatial relationship of one structure to another.

• Differentiate between the appearances of anatomic structures among different modalities such as Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).

• Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each imaging modality for identifying specific pathological processes.

Course Expectations

D2L Unit Quizzes 25%

Sectional Anatomy Assignment 25%

Proctored D2L Comprehensive Final Exam through Proctor U  50%

Grading Standards

A = 100 - 90

B = 89 - 80

C = 79 - 70

D = 69 – 60

F = 59 and below

Final Exam 07/21/2014 7 am
Submission Format Policy

Format for Power Point Presentation

Students will pick one (1) organ, joint, or section of the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar) to research. Students must submit their topic requests to the appropriate discussion board (or you can directly access the topic area by clicking the link found in module 4) by the due date indicated on the course schedule or a grade of zero will be assigned. 

Note: You will be comparing CT and MRI modalities. You should do some research prior to submitting your topic for approval to determine that your chosen pathology can be imaged using both modalities.

  • Two students within the same section of the course cannot have the same topic. To avoid duplication, students can review the discussion board to see anatomy already selected by classmates. 
  • Students may NOT use anatomy reports submitted previously for other classes.  The instructor may not be aware that a student has previously used a particular topic.  Even if the instructor approves the topic for this class and it is revealed later that the student is using the same topic, the student will receive a zero on this assignment. Students would be wise to select topics they have not written about in the past. Refer to the Honor System section of this syllabus, the course instructor, and the links within D2L for more information on academic dishonesty. 
  • The course instructor will let the student know his/her selected anatomy topic is approved by posting on the discussion board. 


Students must use at least 2 – 5 sources of information about this anatomy.  Students may use textbooks, scholarly journal articles (Radiographics is a great source), or other scholarly sources for information about the anatomy (including electronic sources). These articles can be retrieved electronically from databases such as CINAHL which is available through online connection to Moffett Library. 

Students should use only credible medical websites such as   NO CUT AND PASTE information from websites is. Wikipedia is convenient for casual use, but it is NOT a reliable source for this report because it is “open source.”  This means that anyone can modify the content on the website so you might be using information from the website that is not current or accurate. 

Report Format:

Students must identify the reliable sources they used to create the report using appropriate APA format for the reference page. You do not need to include in-text citations. For help with APA formatting the reference page, students should review the 6th edition of the APA Manual and other resources such as The OWL at Purdue website.  This is a quick reference and not as detailed as the writing manual. 


For this assignment, the intended reader is a staff radiographer. Students should prepare this assignment based on what the typical staff radiographer already knows. For example, students do NOT need to explain how x-rays were discovered or how they are produced to support that a CT chest with contrast is the most valuable study to see the thoracic aorta. 


Organization, flow, and grammar count as part of the report grade. The assignment MUST address all criteria listed and in the order given below. DO NOT go passed the limit of slides listed for this assignment. You are to extrapolate information and properly summarize it. Slides must be written at a baccalaureate level.

Submission Format:

The assignment must contain and be limited to the following slides: 

Slide 1: A title page that includes:

  • The name of the pathology
  • The name of the student
  • University affiliation
  • Course number and section
  • Date
  • Instructor’s name

Slide 2: Identify the pathology and give a brief description of important information regarding the pathology.

Slide 3: Diagnostic procedures. Briefly explain the steps needed to produce an image in both modalities. This should include items such as patient position, contrast used and how much, region of interest, etc. Do not go into a lengthy discussion. You do not need to say remove all jewelry, articles of clothing and so forth.

Slide 4: CT imaging comparison. Show a “normal” section of anatomy and compare it to an image demonstrating your chosen pathology. Identify all pertinent anatomical structures in both images using labels. Do not forget to identify the pathology.

Slide 5: MRI imaging. Use the same criteria as in slide 4.

Slide 6: Conclusion. Determine from your research, the best modality that would aid the radiologist/physician in terms of diagnosis and treatment and why.

Slide 7: References. The References list must be in APA format according to the 6th edition APA Manual

The assignment must be submitted to the appropriate assignment drop box in Desire2Learn (D2L) on or before the due date indicated at the end of the syllabus.  Students should NOT email their reports to the instructor. 

To allow sufficient time for grading and providing feedback, late submissions will NOT be accepted. Any assignment not submitted or submitted after the deadline will be assessed a grade of zero “0”.

Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.

The report must be submitted as one document.

Be submitted in a 12 pt legible font (e.g. Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman are acceptable – Courier, Verbena, or other “fancy” fonts are not acceptable)

Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.
Late Paper Policy
  • Any assignment that is received after the posted due date and deadline will not be accepted and a grade of zero (0) will be recorded. 
Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

This is an online course and as such there are no mandatory sessions. However, the student should be vigilant in checking email and logging onto D2L. Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner.

Other Policies

In accordance with Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Midwestern State University endeavors to make reasonable adjustments in its policies, practices, services, and facilities to ensure equal opportunity for qualified persons with disabilities to participate in all educational programs and activities. The Office of Disability Services (ODS) provides information and assistance, arranges accommodations, and serves as a liaison for students, instructors, and staff. The ODS has assistive devices such as books on tape, recorders, and adaptive software which can be loaned to qualified individuals. A student/employee who seeks accommodations on the basis of disability must register with the Office of Disability Services in the Counseling Center, Clark Student Center Room 108. Documentation of disability from a competent professional is required. Individuals with grievances related to discrimination or lack of accommodation on the basis of a disability are encouraged to resolve the problem directly with the area involved. If the matter remains unresolved, advice and/or assistance will be provided by the Office of Disability Services for resolution. The grievance procedure may be found in the Student Handbook and Activities Calendar. The Director of the Counseling Center serves as the ADA Coordinator and may be contacted at (940)397-4618, TDD (940)397-4515, or 3410 Taft Blvd., Clark Student Center Room 108.

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at