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Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Course Details

Course Number
4743
Section Number
4743
Semester
Fall 2017
Location
Online
Days & Times

Online

Professor
Kimberly Onstott (view Profile)

Course Attachments

Textbooks

Course Objectives

Course Objectives: Radiologic technologists interested in magnetic resonance imaging should demonstrate

increased awareness of MRI safety, recognition of MRI instrumentation and coils, and basic knowledge of MRI physical

principles and data acquisition. This course provides opportunities to become familiar with various MRI theories and

concepts used in the MRI suite.

Upon completion of this course, the student will:

Recognize radiofrequency coils and other components of the MRI scanner.

Define the parts of the atom and explain how the parts of the atom are used in MRI.

Describe the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic parameters on MRI scanning, the patient, and image quality.

Differentiate between pulse sequences and identify the strengths and weaknesses of each one.

 

Course Expectations

CLASS ACTIVITIES AND ASSIGNMENTS

All students enrolled in RADS 4743 must complete all course requirements.

Order of Content

Although students are permitted to complete the coursework at their own pace, it is important the student completes the first two modules as soon as possible. These modules lay the groundwork for other assignments in this course.

Once the first two modules are completed students can then proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. Each module has a quiz. The chapters are NOT taught in the order presented in the textbook.

PowerPoint slides are provided as a supplement to the modules, but quiz questions will be from information learned from the textbook. Be sure to read the chapters in your textbook!

See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Late work is not accepted and a zero (0) will be recorded after the due date. I strongly suggest you do not wait to the last minute to complete assignments.

If extenuating circumstances occur that may cause a delay in completing an assignment or quiz by the deadline the student should contact the instructor before the assignment is due (see the section on late work above); such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis.

HIPAA requirement: Do not place ANY patient name on your assignments. Any proper name that appears on an assignment, other than yours will be considered a HIPAA violation and the assignment grade may be dropped to as low as a zero, depending on the severity of the violation.

Introduction-Start Here!

In the course shell you must visit all 3 items in this section before continuing on with the modules. This brief introduction will get you started with the navigation and expectations of this course. Read the course welcome, review the syllabus, and complete your introductions.

 

Discussions 15%

The purpose of the discussions is to interact with your peers and to start thinking about the different topics in MRI.

Post an original response in each of the discussion areas and reply to at least two of your peers by the due dates in the course schedule.

1. Introductions (original post and 2 replies) -Introduce yourselves in the introduction discussion board and reply to at least two of your peers. There are a wide variety of technologists in this course from entry-level to seasoned technologists, and a wide variety of technologists with experience in differing modalities. Please tell us about your radiology experience/s and include your level of knowledge in the modality of MRI and why you chose to take this course. You may also share personal information about yourself if you would like, such as hobbies, unique talents, or a picture of pets or family. Personal information is strictly optional. After your introductions, students may continue to use this discussion area to talk, network, or to ask each other questions.

2.  An MRI Question (original post and 2 replies) – In this discussion area students will

  • Post an MRI question. This may be a question about new technology in MRI, MRI research that has intrigued you, MRI protocols, MRI contrast media, MRI safety, or any number of MRI questions. Post something about MRI that you would like to know, or have already found an answer to that you think would be a good MRI discussion question. Do not repeat your peer’s questions. Review the discussion board before you post to be sure your question is not a duplicate question.

  • Then Reply to two other posts. Provide an answer to your peer’s question. Include at least one resource about the topic, such as a website, an article, or pages from a book that will support your answer.

3.  Project Posting and Viewing (original post and 2 replies) -In this discussion area students will

  • Upload their Research Project Presentations for classmates to view.

  • Then Review at least two of your peer’s presentations.

  • Comment about what you learned from each presentation (4-8 sentences should be sufficient). Although you are free to comment on the creativity of the presentations, your 4-8 sentences should be centered on the topic of the presentation.

Scores. The grades for the discussions are as follows:

  • If you do not complete all three portions (1original post with a reply to at least two of your peers) you will not receive full credit.

  • Substantial information must be included in all three portions.

  • Posting an original post at the last minute does not provide enough time for your peers to respond. Posting an original post in the last days a discussion is open may result in a significant loss of points. Dates for original posts are in the course schedule. Post your original response on or before these dates.

  • Post replies before the close of the discussions.

  • Professional interactions are expected. Spelling, grammar, and substance really do count. Try not to veer off subject, and be respectful and considerate of your fellow students’ submissions.


The discussion board counts as 15% of your grade. If you do not understand this requirement, please let me know.

Modules

The course content is divided by chapters. These chapters are listed in each of the modules. . Each module contains a reading assignment, additional information in the form of either PowerPoint presentations, links, or videos, and an associated quiz.

Please note:  we do not cover the chapters in the order of the textbook!

See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for all deadlines.

 

Module 1

Chapter 1:  Basic Principles

Module 2

Chapter 9:  Instrumentation and Equipment

Module 3

Chapter 10:  MRI Safety

Module 4

Chapter 2:  Image Weighting and Contrast

Module 5

Chapter 3:  Encoding and Image Formation

Module 6

Chapter 4:  Parameters and Trade-offs

Module 7

Chapter 5:  Pulse Sequences

Module 8

Chapter 6:  Flow Phenomena

Module 9

Chapter 7:  Artifacts

Module 10

Chapter 11:  Contrast Agents in MRI

Module 11

Chapter 12:  Functional Imaging Techniques

 

Independent Reading and Instructional Videos

Reading. Students should read each assigned chapter and practice answering the multiple choice questions available on the companion website available with the book.  

Videos. Students should download the interactive tutorial from Berlex during the first days of class. This interactive resource should be used throughout the course to provide further understanding for the topics being covered. Follow the download instructions in Module 1. The MRI safety Video is required in Module 2. This video is intended to provide an overview for yours and your patient’s safety.

PowerPoint presentations. For each Module you will find PowerPoint presentations that students may use as reinforcement for the material in the chapters. The animations provided are helpful and can be made interactive by downloading the PowerPoint and playing as a slideshow. You will not be responsible for all of the material in these presentations, but they are recommended for further review.

Projects -30%

There are 2 semester long projects in this course: Research Presentation Project and the Laboratory Project.

Before you begin these projects a project proposal form located in the content section of the course must be completed and approved by the instructor.  Your proposal form should be submitted to the dropbox by the date in the course schedule. No project will be graded without an approved proposal. A significant loss of points may be incurred with late proposals. See the course schedule for the due date for the proposal.

Research Presentation Project- 20%

Before beginning this project, a proposal form must have been submitted and your topic must be approved by the instructor.   No project will be graded without approval of the topic.

A working knowledge of Microsoft Office PowerPoint (or other presentation software) is a fundamental skill for all baccalaureate level students. Students are encouraged to strengthen their PowerPoint and presentation skills, while presenting a topic in MRI.  A professional product will be produced.

Even though you must follow the set guidelines that are described in the course content, you can make this presentation as simple or as interactive as you want (e.g. customized backgrounds, active links, interactive buttons and triggers).

Each student will create a 4-10 minute PowerPoint (or similar) presentation consisting of a minimum of eight (8) slides and a maximum of fifteen (15) slides based on at least three (3) PEER-REVIEWED or SCHOLARLY journal articles. The presentation must refer specifically to a topic in magnetic resonance imaging either in research, new innovative technology, or a current hot topic in MRI. For example, the student may summarize three journal articles that describe the effectiveness of MRI scanning for the staging of Alzheimer’s disease, or summarize research on the techniques and uses of Surgical MRI, or a hot topic in MRI.  Research presentations should contain:

  • Title Slide, with the title, student name, date, and course (1 slide)

  • Objectives or Outline of presentation (1 slide)

  • Relevant, up-to-date (within past 5 years) information on MRI related research or technology (2-5 slides)

  • Scan protocols (for research or pathology cases) (1-3 slides)

  • Contraindications and/or concerns (example: non-ferrous surgical instruments in the MRI scan room) (1-3 slides)

  • Images! Labeled and referenced. (1-3 slides)

  • An APA formatted reference page (1-2 slides)

  • 4-10 minute video presentation recorded by the student and uploaded to the discussion board for peer discussion. This presentation should also be uploaded to the dropbox for grading. If you prefer to upload the video to YouTube, be sure to list it as private and just include a link in the discussion board and also in the dropbox.

More specific guidelines, grading rubric, and support are provided in the course content.

Note:  You will not be allowed to take the final exam if the Research Presentation has not been completed. Follow the deadlines posted in the course schedule.

Laboratory Project- 10%

Before beginning this project, a proposal form must have been submitted and must be approved by the instructor.   No project will be graded without approval.

The laboratory project for this course requires no patient contact.  Instead, it is designed to introduce the student to the rules and regulations set forth by OSHA and the FDA concerning the strength, safety, and use of magnetic fields in medicine.  It includes a list of specific questions students must inquire about and research. It is highly recommended the student complete this lab by visiting an MRI facility. If needed, this assignment can be completed without going to a clinical site by using other resources, such as the telephone or Internet. However, this must be declared to the professor when submitting the proposal form.

Once the proposal has been approved, the student will use the form in D2L to complete the project.

The laboratory may be completed at any time during the enrollment period, but must be turned in by the due date in the course schedule.

If visiting an MRI facility, the student must make arrangements with the facility on their own. Please note that TX state law requires that you are current on your immunizations if you will be in the facility. Also, some states regulations will not allow distance students to perform assignments at facilities within their state’s borders. When you submit your proposal, I will review your state’s guidelines on a case by case basis.

More specific instructions about this assignment are provided in the course content.

Note:  You will not be allowed to take the final exam if the Laboratory assignment has not been completed. Follow the deadlines posted in the course schedule.


Comprehensive Final Exam- 30%

All quizzes and projects must be completed before the Final Exam is taken.

Exam Format

  • The proctored comprehensive final examination is closed book, and consists of 50 multiple-choice questions.

  • The exam is a timed, 2 hour (120 min) test.

  • The comprehensive exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L) and ProctorU online proctoring service.

  • To prepare for this exam: The final has been derived from the entire content of this course. Review all of your quizzes and your textbook chapters. Reinforcing study materials include the Berlex tutorials and the PowerPoint presentations.

What to Bring

  • The student may bring scratch paper with only ProctorU’s phone number on it.

  • No smart watches or any other electronic devices will be allowed.

  • Students are not allowed to print the final exam.

  • No textbooks or notes may be used.

ProctorU Scheduling

  • The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L) and ProctorU online proctoring

  • You may schedule your exam for any time within the testing dates in the course schedule. You must have ALL of your course work complete when you take your final or the final will not be accessible in D2L.

  • For ProctorU instructions, please read the ProctorU student instruction guide at http://www.proctoru.com/portal/mwsu/index.php

  • Be aware certain equipment is required. Review the ProctorU instructions as soon as possible.

  • Contact a ProctorU representative to check your equipment and bandwidth real time before your test date. If anything changes after this check (new computer, updates, ISP changes, etc.), REPEAT the check.

  • ProctorU allows you to take an exam on demand or by appointment. All appointments should be made at least three days in advance. To make an appointment, simply create an account at http://www.proctoru.com/portal/mwsu/index.php. Once logged in, click on the “new exam” link and select the exam, date, and time you desire. You must submit payment (based on the length of the exam) at that time - usually about $25.00. You will receive an email confirming your reservation at the email address you provided to ProctorU. Reservations made within 72 hours of an exam are subject to a $5 late registration fee. Students without an appointment can take their exam on demand within 15, 30 or 45 minutes by using ProctorU’s convenient Take it Now feature. This premier feature is designed to give students added convenience and costs $8.75.

  • Late registrations and Take it Now features are subject to availability. Note: If a proctor is not available because you did not schedule your exam in advance, the final is considered missed and a grade of zero will be given.

  • Be mindful when you schedule your final exam. If you schedule the exam outside of the 5 day work week (M-F), there may be no one at MSU available to help if you have technical problems. Late submissions will not be accepted.

Technical problems

  • If you are disconnected during your exam, you must immediately send an email to your professor, and immediately contact ProctorU by phone. All exams are monitored and a log is created by the proctor and by D2L.

  • *All times will be documented*

  • The exam must be taken within the scheduled test dates, regardless of any technical issues that may arise.  This is the student’s responsibility.

  • Late submissions will not be accepted.

  • My suggestion is to take the exam during the first days it is available (listed below) to avoid receiving a zero due to technical issues.  If you have to reschedule, it must be within the scheduled dates and times.

All course requirements must be completed before a grade is awarded. Students must complete the final and all course work by the dates published in the course schedule.

Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such. Any decision of the instructor is final and there will be no further changes made.

 

 
Grading Standards

Grade Scale:

A = 100 - 90

B = 89 - 80

C = 79 - 70

D = 69 – 60

F = 59 and below

Submission Format Policy

Should be submitted electronically as email attachments using the following guidelines:

  • Times New Roman or other typical legible font (not Courier) (10 or 12 point for bulk of text)
  • 1” margins on all sides
  • Double-spaced
  • Standard Radiologic Sciences Department Cover Page 
  • APA format

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.
Late Paper Policy

Students must complete the final (and all course work) by the

dates published in the course schedule.

If a quiz is not completed by the due date a “0” will be given for the

missing quiz. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the

course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions.  However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto D2L.  Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner. This course is on a schedule that will be strictly adhered to. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates.

 
Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at https://mwsu.edu/academics/wpr, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at https://mwsu.edu/campus-carry/rules-policies.

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at patrick.coggins@mwsu.edu.