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Legal Considerations in Radiologic Sciences

Course Details

Course Number
RADS 5023
Section Number
RADS 5023
Semester
Fall 2017
Location
Bridwell Hall
Classroom Number
204
Days & Times

Hybrid education course- Internet and on campus requirements

Professor
Vicki Sanders MSRS, RRA, RT(R)(CV)(CT) (view Profile)

Course Attachments

Textbooks

Course Objectives

Course Overview:

This course presents an overview of the legal issues, concepts, laws, and regulations facing the health care industry and higher education.  Students will explore these in the context of the daily professional practice of radiology administrators and educators.


Course Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to:

  • Discuss legal issues, concepts, laws and regulations such as malpractice, standards of care, scopes of practice, tort and contract liability, accreditation, academic freedom and tenure.
  • Apply legal concepts to a court case and justify case outcome based on current practice standards and laws.
  • Identify important areas of legal concern in clinical practice and education.
  • Demonstrate the ability to read, understand, and synthesize existing research, laws, and legal precedents and apply them to current problems.

Teaching Strategies:

Lecture/discussion, seminar group activities, independent reading assignments, group discussion, written assignments, case studies, and student presentations.

Course Expectations

Required Textbooks:

Pozgar, G. D. (2012). Legal aspects of health care administration. (12th ed.). Boston: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.  [ISBN 978-1-284-06592-3]

 

            Students need to be familiar with chapters 2-6, 11, 13, 15, and 25 to participate in class discussions.

 

American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed.  Washington, DC: Author.    [ISBN: 978-1-4338-0561-5]


CLASS ACTIVITIES AND ASSIGNMENTS

 Any assignments submitted electronically as a Word document to the course dropbox should follow these guidelines:

 

     IBM compatible format

     Word 2007 or newer version

     Times New Roman or Arial 12 point font

     1” margins on all sides

     Standard MSU Title Page

 

Late submission of assignments and quizzes:

All assignments and quizzes have due dates listed in the syllabus.  Due dates are in place to keep students on target for the semester and allow for instructors to provide detailed, constructive feedback.  Assignments/quizzes not turned in on time will result in a “0” being assessed for that assignment. 

 

Instructors understand that students who are enrolled in the MSRS program tracks may be responsible for managing many employees/students and family matters.  If you need any assistance regarding a deadline, you must contact the instructor(s) at least 2 days before the due date to discuss the issue.  “After the fact” will not be accepted and will result in the “0” grade. 

We also realize emergencies (death, severe illness, etc.) occur; students must contact the instructor as soon as possible to resolve any due date conflicts.  Extensions will be decided on a case-by-case basis.

 

Expert Witness Case Study - 40%

For this assignment, students will review a case as an expert witness. A case will be introduced, and each student will review legal documents, answer questions, and formulate a report. This assignment will be in two parts (20% each). This assignment will be released on the course homepage (D2L).

Due dates are listed in the chart at the end of the syllabus

Discussion Board - 15%

Before students arrived for class, they will post a legal or ethical dilemma they were directly involved in or had first-hand knowledge. Once the first weekend is complete, students will choose a theory, principle, concept, etc. from the textbook that can be applied to resolve or mitigate the dilemma. To facilitate discussion, each student should respond to one classmate by either adding another theory, principle, concept, etc. to help resolve or mitigate the problem. Students should read the chapters listed in the modules and be able to apply the concepts to their legal or ethical dilemma. Because the discussions are associated with each of the three modules in the class, students are required to post and respond by specific due dates listed in the course schedule at the end of the syllabus. 

 

(To make this discussion format work smoothly, students should become familiar with techniques to follow existing electronic discussion threads and to open new discussion threads using the D2L Discussion Tool.)

Ethical or Legal Topic -Discussion Board

 

Module 1 Discussion will be over:

  • Chapter 2- Government Law and Ethics
  • Chapter 3 Healthcare Ethics

Module 2 Discussion will be over:

  • Chapter 4- Tort Law
  • Chapter 5- Intentional Torts
  • Chapter 6- Criminal Aspects of Healthcare
  • Chapter 25 Tort Reform and Risk Reduction

Module 3 Discussion will be over:

  • Chapter 11- Nursing and the Law
  • Chapter 13- Patient Consent
  • Chapter 15- Medical Records

"Take Issue" Presentation 30%

 Each student will develop and lead a presentation on his/her “Take Issue” topic.  Each presentation will be at least fifteen (15) minutes and not more than twenty (20) minutes in length.  Presentations will occur during the second class weekend.

 

“Take Issue” topics must be related to legal issues affecting Education, Administration, or Clinical Practice.  Topics must be approved by the instructor (first come – first serve) and can be either the student's discussion board topic or a different topic of interest. Topics must be approved by the instructor (first come – first serve).  See the chart at the end of the syllabus for due date. Submit topics to the "Take Issue" Discussion Board for approval.

 

 The presentation will include the following areas:

 

  • "Take Issue" Topic and Background: in this section, introduce the topic and provide textbook reference (if applicable) as well as all background information necessary to understand the situation at hand.
  • Legal and Regulatory Implications: in this section, provide the legal/regulatory information regarding the topic such as laws related to the topic, punishment or fines for noncompliance, regulatory agencies involved (punishment or fines for noncompliance), etc.
  • Personnel (not personal) Impact: in this section, describe the effects of compliance or noncompliance on professionals, patients, students, public, etc. who may be impacted by this issue.
  • Financial Impact: in this section, discuss the monitory costs of compliance or noncompliance as well as annual costs to the healthcare, system, legal system, or educational system as applicable.
  • Solutions: in this section, discuss the possible solutions to the issue and how each may be implemented. Include costs/benefit analysis of solutions and any legal or regulatory changes that may be needed.

 

Students should NOT read their assignment to the class.  Presentations should be informative AND interactive.  Students may use PowerPoint, but they are not required to use PowerPoint.  Students must incorporate a group activity to reinforce their topic.  Examples include:  role-playing, before class assignments, audiovisual technology, handouts, games, competitions, and discussion.  Students may provide classmates with preparatory reading materials before the class period if necessary. Students MUST upload their presentations to the discussion board as an attachment prior to their presentation in class.

 

Group Activities & Class Participation   15%

 Each student is expected to prepare and to participate in class discussions and activities on each topic. The quality, relevancy, and consistency of each student's participation will be evaluated by the instructor according to the following factors:

 

  • Verbal and nonverbal participation
  • Awareness of group dynamics and supportive behavior towards others encouraging discussion and clarifying issues
  • Evidence of familiarity with the issues involved in each topic scheduled for discussion
  • Contribution of relevant observations from personal, professional, and/or academic experiences

 

 

Grading Standards

Evaluation:

 

      Expert Witness case study                                          40%

      Electronic Discussion Board Participation                  15%

      “Take Issue” Presentation                                           30%

      Group Activities & Class Participation                        15%

Grade Scale:

                                                  A = 100 - 90

                                                  B = 89 - 80

                                                  C = 79 - 70

                                                  D = 69 - 60

                                                  F = 59 and below


Incompletes:

Incompletes grades are given only at the instructor’s discretion and MUST be requested by the student.  If the instructor grants the “Incomplete,” the student has until ninety (90) days after the beginning of the next regular (long) semester to complete the course requirements.  If the student does not complete the course requirements within the deadline, the grade of “Incomplete” will automatically convert into a grade of “F.”  Please note that incompletes are given only in an emergency or when there are extenuating circumstances.  Refer to the Graduate Bulletin for additional details about receiving a grade of “Incomplete” in a course. 

Submission Format Policy

CLASS ACTIVITIES AND ASSIGNMENTS

 Any assignments submitted electronically as a Word document to the course dropbox should follow these guidelines:

 

     IBM compatible format

     Word 2007 or newer version

     Times New Roman or Arial 12 point font

     1” margins on all sides

     Standard MSU Title Page

 

Late submission of assignments and quizzes:

All assignments and quizzes have due dates listed in the syllabus.  Due dates are in place to keep students on target for the semester and allow for instructors to provide detailed, constructive feedback.  Assignments/quizzes not turned in on time will result in a “0” being assessed for that assignment. 

 

Instructors understand that students who are enrolled in the MSRS program tracks may be responsible for managing many employees/students and family matters.  If you need any assistance regarding a deadline, you must contact the instructor(s) at least 2 days before the due date to discuss the issue.  “After the fact” will not be accepted and will result in the “0” grade. 

We also realize emergencies (death, severe illness, etc.) occur; students must contact the instructor as soon as possible to resolve any due date conflicts.  Extensions will be decided on a case-by-case basis.

 

Expert Witness Case Study - 40%

For this assignment, students will review a case as an expert witness. A case will be introduced, and each student will review legal documents, answer questions, and formulate a report. This assignment will be in two parts (20% each). This assignment will be released on the course homepage (D2L).

Due dates are listed in the chart at the end of the syllabus

Discussion Board - 15%

Before students arrived for class, they will post a legal or ethical dilemma they were directly involved in or had first-hand knowledge. Once the first weekend is complete, students will choose a theory, principle, concept, etc. from the textbook that can be applied to resolve or mitigate the dilemma. To facilitate discussion, each student should respond to one classmate by either adding another theory, principle, concept, etc. to help resolve or mitigate the problem. Students should read the chapters listed in the modules and be able to apply the concepts to their legal or ethical dilemma. Because the discussions are associated with each of the three modules in the class, students are required to post and respond by specific due dates listed in the course schedule at the end of the syllabus. 

 

(To make this discussion format work smoothly, students should become familiar with techniques to follow existing electronic discussion threads and to open new discussion threads using the D2L Discussion Tool.)

Ethical or Legal Topic -Discussion Board

 

Module 1 Discussion will be over:

  • Chapter 2- Government Law and Ethics
  • Chapter 3 Healthcare Ethics

Module 2 Discussion will be over:

  • Chapter 4- Tort Law
  • Chapter 5- Intentional Torts
  • Chapter 6- Criminal Aspects of Healthcare
  • Chapter 25 Tort Reform and Risk Reduction

Module 3 Discussion will be over:

  • Chapter 11- Nursing and the Law
  • Chapter 13- Patient Consent
  • Chapter 15- Medical Records

"Take Issue" Presentation 30%

 Each student will develop and lead a presentation on his/her “Take Issue” topic.  Each presentation will be at least fifteen (15) minutes and not more than twenty (20) minutes in length.  Presentations will occur during the second class weekend.

 

“Take Issue” topics must be related to legal issues affecting Education, Administration, or Clinical Practice.  Topics must be approved by the instructor (first come – first serve) and can be either the student's discussion board topic or a different topic of interest. Topics must be approved by the instructor (first come – first serve).  See the chart at the end of the syllabus for due date. Submit topics to the "Take Issue" Discussion Board for approval.

 

 The presentation will include the following areas:

 

  • "Take Issue" Topic and Background: in this section, introduce the topic and provide textbook reference (if applicable) as well as all background information necessary to understand the situation at hand.
  • Legal and Regulatory Implications: in this section, provide the legal/regulatory information regarding the topic such as laws related to the topic, punishment or fines for noncompliance, regulatory agencies involved (punishment or fines for noncompliance), etc.
  • Personnel (not personal) Impact: in this section, describe the effects of compliance or noncompliance on professionals, patients, students, public, etc. who may be impacted by this issue.
  • Financial Impact: in this section, discuss the monitory costs of compliance or noncompliance as well as annual costs to the healthcare, system, legal system, or educational system as applicable.
  • Solutions: in this section, discuss the possible solutions to the issue and how each may be implemented. Include costs/benefit analysis of solutions and any legal or regulatory changes that may be needed.

 

Students should NOT read their assignment to the class.  Presentations should be informative AND interactive.  Students may use PowerPoint, but they are not required to use PowerPoint.  Students must incorporate a group activity to reinforce their topic.  Examples include:  role-playing, before class assignments, audiovisual technology, handouts, games, competitions, and discussion.  Students may provide classmates with preparatory reading materials before the class period if necessary. Students MUST upload their presentations to the discussion board as an attachment prior to their presentation in class.

 

Group Activities & Class Participation   15%

 Each student is expected to prepare and to participate in class discussions and activities on each topic. The quality, relevancy, and consistency of each student's participation will be evaluated by the instructor according to the following factors:

 

  • Verbal and nonverbal participation
  • Awareness of group dynamics and supportive behavior towards others encouraging discussion and clarifying issues
  • Evidence of familiarity with the issues involved in each topic scheduled for discussion
  • Contribution of relevant observations from personal, professional, and/or academic experiences

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.
Late Paper Policy

Late submission of assignments and quizzes:

All assignments and quizzes have due dates listed in the syllabus.  Due dates are in place to keep students on target for the semester and allow for instructors to provide detailed, constructive feedback.  Assignments/quizzes not turned in on time will result in a “0” being assessed for that assignment. 

 

Instructors understand that students who are enrolled in the MSRS program tracks may be responsible for managing many employees/students and family matters.  If you need any assistance regarding a deadline, you must contact the instructor(s) at least 2 days before the due date to discuss the issue.  “After the fact” will not be accepted and will result in the “0” grade. 

We also realize emergencies (death, severe illness, etc.) occur; students must contact the instructor as soon as possible to resolve any due date conflicts.  Extensions will be decided on a case-by-case basis.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.

Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters.

We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.

We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed.

Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, (940) 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement

The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor

All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

Attendance:

Without exception, students MUST attend and participate in both graduate seminar weekends to receive credit for this course.  

 

Other Policies

Course Deadlines

 

 

   Activity

Due Date

Ethical or Legal Topic – Discussion Board

 Sept 14

Group Activities & First Class Participation

Sept 16-17 

Expert Witness Batch One Released

Sept 19

Module 1 Discussion Board - Original Post Sept 29

"Take Issue" Topics Due (2 weeks)

Sept 29

Module 1 - Discussion Board – Peer Response

Oct 6

Module 2- Discussion Board - Original Post

Oct 16

Module 2- Discussion Board- Peer Response

Oct 23

Expert Witness Part One Due (6 weeks)

Oct 30

Expert Witness Batch Two Released

Oct 30

Module 3- Discussion Board- Original Post

Nov 3

Module 3- Discussion Board- Peer Response

Nov 10

Expert Witness Part Two Due (10 weeks)

Nov 27

Second Class Participation  & "Take Issue" Presentations (12 weeks)

Dec 1


 

Concealed Carry:

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at Campus Carry Policies.


Special Needs:

In accordance with Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Midwestern State University endeavors to make reasonable adjustments in its policies, practices, services, and facilities to ensure equal opportunity for qualified persons with disabilities to participate in all educational programs and activities.

 

The Office of Disability Services (ODS) provides information and assistance, arranges accommodations, and serves as a liaison for students, instructors, and staff.  The ODS has assistive devices such as books on tape, recorders, and adaptive software which can be loaned to qualified individuals.  A student/employee who seeks accommodations on the basis of disability must register with the Office of Disability Services in the Counseling Center, Clark Student Center Room 108.  Documentation of disability from a competent professional is required.

 

Individuals with grievances related to discrimination or lack of accommodation on the basis of a disability are encouraged to resolve the problem directly with the area involved.  If the matter remains unresolved, advice and/or assistance will be provided by the Office of Disability Services for resolution.  The grievance procedure may be found in the Student Handbook and Activities Calendar.

 

The Director of the Counseling Center serves as the ADA Coordinator and may be contacted at (940)397-4618, TDD (940)397-4515, or 3410 Taft Blvd., Clark Student Center Room 108.


Honor System:

RADS 5023 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct.  In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity.  A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct.  A student should consult the Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.

 

Many components of RADS 5023 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn.  Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including Internet sites, handouts and module notebooks, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive for life-long learning.

 

Specific components of RADS 5023 are designed to represent the efforts of each student individually and are NOT to be shared.  These components include the case summaries and paper. Students SHOULD NOT share their efforts in ANY WAY (including but not limited to discussion, electronic files, print copies, notes, etc).  The only exception to this rule is during the final class presentations.

 

When students submit their efforts (paper and case summaries) for grading, they are attesting that they have abided by this rule.

 By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course.  The “limited right” shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes.


 Administrative Process:

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor.  If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 

 

Interim Department Chair – Debra Wynne (940-397-4608)

Interim College Dean – Dr. Jeff Killion (940-397-4594)

Dean of Students – Matthew Park (940-397-7500)

 

The last opportunity to drop this course with a grade of “W” is 4:00 pm October 30, 2017. Refer to the Graduate Bulletin for details about receiving a grade of “Incomplete” in a course.  In an emergency or extenuating circumstance, a student may request a grade of “Incomplete” in a course before grades are submitted.  If the instructor grants the “Incomplete,” the student has until ninety (90) days after the beginning of the next long semester to complete the course requirements.  If the student does not complete the course requirements within the deadline, the grade of “Incomplete” will automatically convert into a grade of “F.”

 

Writing Proficiency Requirement

All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed the 6 hours of Communication Core and and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at https://mwsu.edu/academics/wpr, or call 397-4131.

Campus Carry

Senate Bill 11 passed by the 84th Texas Legislature allows licensed handgun holders to carry concealed handguns on campus, effective August 1, 2016. Areas excluded from concealed carry are appropriately marked, in accordance with state law. For more information regarding campus carry, please refer to the University’s webpage at https://mwsu.edu/campus-carry/rules-policies.

If you have questions or concerns, please contact MSU Chief of Police Patrick Coggins at patrick.coggins@mwsu.edu.